Monday, October 6, 2008

Genghis Khan's Blue Eyes

Karl Earlson


The Mongol leader Temujin (AD 1167-1227), better known by his title Genghis Khan (Universal Ruler), was a man of strongly Nordish racial ancestry. According to the Persian historian Ab ul Ghasi, the tribal clan to which Temujin belonged, were known as the Bourchikoun (Grey-Eyed Men). [Günther (1934) 185; Lamb (1928) 22.] The ancestral mother and founder of this clan was known as Alan goa (beautiful Alan). According to the Mongol and Chinese legends on the subject, she was said to have been visited in her tent by a divine being, who possessed golden hair, a fair complexion and grey eyes. Shortly after this visitation, she gave birth to the first member of the Bourchikoun clan. [Günther (1934) 184.]

Temujin himself was noted in Chinese descriptions of him, for his tall stature and heavy beard. [Günther (1934) 185.] We should also note the following depiction of Temujin's appearance, as given by Harold Lamb, in his biography of the great Khan:

"He must have been tall, with high shoulders, his skin a whitish tan. His eyes, set far apart under a sloping forehead, did not slant. And his eyes were green, or blue-grey in the iris, with black pupils. Long reddish-brown hair fell in braids to his back." [Lamb (1928) 23.]

Ab ul Ghasi also observed that the family of Yesugai, the father of Temujin, were known for the fact that their children often had fair complexions, and blue or grey eyes. [Günther (1934) 185.] Temujin's wife, Bourtai, bore a name which means "Grey-Eyed". [Lamb (1928) 23.] As both Günther (1934) and Lamb (1928) note, Temujin's relatives and descendants also possessed fair features: Temujin's son and successor Ogadei (1229-41), had gray eyes and red hair; Temujin's grandson Mangu (1251-9), had reddish eyebrows and a red-brown beard; Subatei, who conquered China, had a long, reddish beard. Indeed, it was said that people were surprised Kubilai Khan had dark hair and eyes, because most of Genghis Khan's descendants had reddish hair and blue eyes. [Günther (1934) 185.]


Another of Genghis Khan's descendants, the great conqueror Tamerlane (1336-1405), also inherited Nordish racial characteristics. According to a contemporary, Ibn Arabshah, Tamerlane was tall and strong, with broad shoulders, a large head and high forehead, he had a heavy beard, was white-skinned and had a ruddy complexion. He also seems to have been fair-haired. [Günther (1934) 187; Lamb (1929) 153.]

This description has been confirmed in recent times. In 1941, the Soviet Archaeological Commission opened the tomb of Tamerlane, which resides in the city of Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Within it, Tamerlane's physical remains were discovered: they proved that he had indeed been a man of strong build and imposing stature. Most interestingly of all however, the last few hairs of a reddish-brown moustache were found adhering to the skull. [Brent (1976) 237-8.]

* * *

Do portraits prove that Genghis Khan was predominantly Mongoloid? There are various images which depict Genghis Khan with the distinctively Mongolian epicanthic eyefold. However, it should first be noted that all such images were executed many years after the Khan's death, by artists who never actually laid eyes upon him. The portrait below, taken from the Imperial Palace Museum, Beijing, is just one example. [Paludan (1998) 152.] Many others exist, painted by unknown artists, at an indefinite period of time. The provenance and value of such works for racial classification, is therefore rather feeble. Put simply, the accuracy of these images cannot be vouched for.

Genghis Khan?
[Paludan (1998) 152]

Equally, we cannot rely with great certainty on the judgement of the portraitists. As Day correctly comments, there is always the ethnic bias of the artist to contend with, since "artists perhaps tend to give their subjects something of their own physical traits". [Day (2001) 360.] A vivid illustration of this fact can be found in the portrait below, of the nineteenth-century American seaman, Commodore Perry. This contemporary picture, by a Japanese artist, depicts Perry as strongly Mongoloid in type, with a definite epicanthus. Perry, of course, was entirely Caucasian, yet the artistic conventions of the Japanese make him appear otherwise. Thus, we must be extremely cautious when accepting such "portraits", quite literally, at their "face value".

Commodore Perry
[Smith (1979) 231]

Were the ancient inhabitants of East Asia entirely Mongoloid? Craniological evidence reveals that during the second millennium BC, Caucasians were predominant throughout much of Central Asia, and they maintained hegemony over several areas in the region. Thus, as Day notes: "Caucasoids not only outnumber[ed] Mongoloids in Xinjiang; they also predate[d] them." [Day (2001) 192.] Even into later eras, a Caucasian minority, strongly "Northern European" in physical type, was retained. [Day (2001) 138.] The Buddhist murals at Bezeklik (see below), in the eastern part of the Tarim Basin, near the Mongolian border, bear witness to the fact that just over a thousand years ago, rugged Caucasoids, with reddish-brown hair and blue eyes, could still be found in abundance. [Day (2001) 138-9.] Eickstedt argued that these murals depict individuals of Nordic and "Proto-Nordic" (protonordoidem) type. [Eickstedt (1934) 276.] At this point, it would be germane to remember the fact that it was precisely these features (reddish hair and blue eyes) that were found as an ancestral inheritance among the family of Genghis Khan.

Mural from Bezeklik
Mural from Bezeklik
[Day (2001) ii]
[Barber (1999) xxix]

Do the experts agree that Genghis Khan was red-haired and blue-eyed? The German physical anthropologist Egon von Eickstedt, who was an expert on the racial types of Asia, stated clearly that the ruling classes of the Far East, most particularly those among the Mongols, included Nordic racial elements. He affirmed that Genghis Khan's family was characterised by its blue eyes and reddish hair, and that although Kubilai Khan (1259-94) had a ruddy-fair complexion, he had hair and eyes that were unusually dark for Temujin's clan. Eickstedt even noted that Temujin's grandson Batu (†1256), the first Khan of the Golden Horde, was freckled! Therefore, there is nothing at all extreme or unusual in attributing Nordish physical features to Genghis Khan: on the contrary, it is an historical fact, well-attested to by the major authorities in this field of expertise. To conclude, here is the original quotation from Eickstedt on the subject, with my emphasis added throughout:

"Aber auch noch später machte sich die protonordische Komponente in China bemerkbar, denn sie wurde selbstverständlich auch von den im Mittelalter China erobernden Barbaren der westlichen Steppen noch mitgeführt. Das hat offenbar sogar besonders für deren Oberschichten gegolten. Ein Beispiel dafür ist der berühmte Kaiser Kublai Khan, der Gönner Marco Polos, von dem eine rötlich-weiße Komplexion ausdrücklich berichtet wird. Aber trotzdem war Dschingis-Khan, der Eroberer Asiens, nicht etwa d a r ü b e r erstaunt, sondern im Gegenteil über die relative Bräune des Kaisers, da ja „die meisten Mitglieder seiner Familie sonst blaue Augen und rötliche Haare hatten!“ Dabei war Dschingis-Khan, der „Kaiser der Welt“ — und er war es beinahe wirklich, der einzige, der je diesen Titel mit einem gewissen Recht trug —, selbst rassisch höchst interessant. Denn er entstammte dem Geschlecht der Buschikun oder Grauäugigen, einem unter allen Stämmen Zentralasiens weitverbreiteten Herrscherclan, und wird geschildert als hochgewachsen, mit weißlicher, schimmernder Haut, mit grünen oder grauen Augen, die nicht geschlitzt waren, und mit langem, rötlichbraunem Haar, das ihm in Zöpfen über den Rücken fiel. Seine vom Vater gewaltsam geraubte Mutter Yühlun war sibirischer (sibirider?) Herkunft. Man kann nur schließen, daß in den Adern dieses größten Abenteurers und Machtmenschen aller Zeiten auch Blut aus nordischer Quelle floß. Seine Erst- und Lieblingsfrau war Burtai, die „Grauäugige“. Weiterhin wird der bekannte Prinz Batu auch als sommersprossig geschildert." [Eickstedt (1934) 274-5.]


Barber, E. W. (1999) The Mummies of Ürümchi (London: Macmillan).

Brent, P. (1976) The Mongol Empire: Genghis Khan, His Triumph and His Legacy (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson).

Day, J. V. (2001) Indo-European Origins: The Anthropological Evidence (Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Man).

Eickstedt, E. von (1934) Rassenkunde und Rassengeschichte der Menschheit (Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke Verlag).

Günther, H. F. K. (1934) Die nordische Rasse bei den Indogermanen Asiens (Munich: J. F. Lehmanns Verlag).

Lamb, H. (1928) Genghis Khan: The Emperor of All Men (London: Thornton Butterworth).

Lamb, H. (1929) Tamerlane: The Earth Shaker (London: Thornton Butterworth).

Paludan, A. (1998) Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors (London: Thames & Hudson).

Smith, B. (1979) Japan: A History in Art (Tokyo: Toppan Printing Company).


Anonymous said...

Lmao!! Genghis was not white, genetic has long disproved this.

Genhghis khan belong to the genetic marker of Haplogroup C3 which is the most common gene among asian and mongolian men.

Nice try, but this bullshit won't work because genetic shows the truth.

Anonymous said...

Lmao!! Genghis was not white, genetic has long disproved this.

Genhghis khan belong to the genetic marker of Haplogroup C3 which is the most common gene among asian and mongolian men.

Nice try, but this bullshit won't work because genetic shows the truth.

Anonymous said...

Genghis Khan was obsessed with conquering china, but diverted his attention due to the western islamic empires who provoked him.

And let me say this as a Han Chinese, he would NOT have succeeded (and in fact did not succeed in his lifetime) had the Chinese been more UNITED. This has always been Chinese failure - To be united!

China was made of several kingdoms warring against each other and they collaborated with Genghis Khan to fight each other. PATHETIC.

So although Genghis Khan may have been white after all, I see this as a Nordic alien invasion attempt upon the Chinese kingdom.

Eventually, the Han Chinese kicked them out, and prevailed a few hundred years later.

This is again very likely the truth.

Anonymous said...

And right now, the whole world needs to contend with the Ashkenazi Jews who seek WORLD DOMINATION via mental and physical warfare, through the financial system, through the US led NWO army, and through the mass media culture (pop culture).

It is a subtle warfare that all human beings need to wake up to.

Anonymous said...

Thank's for this text !

14/88 !

Anonymous said...

Genghis khan was indeed white. he had blue eyes and light hair . chinese historians considered cenghis as a "north man",white person.jewish media does not tell the truth but rather show him as an asian person. hope one day people will wake up from this jewish controled lies

Anonymous said...

It is also known that the 'chinese' wall had the defensive feature facing China. That means the wall was not build by Chinese people but by Aryan people. they basically created a Chinese ghetto.

Mao reconstructed part of the wall, turning the defensive features the other side. To this the tourists are brought in general. 100 miles north of Beijing.

the Chinese are afraid of losing face, but that is as it is. Truth is an Aryan value, not a Chinese one.

Anonymous said...


Red hair and Green eyes Mongolians here, they still look nothing like white.

East Asians were more advance than Europe until 16th century. Most Europeans lived like savages apart from Romans and Greece.

for 1500 years Europeans were conquered by Moors, Arabs, Mongol, Turkic people from Middle east, North Africa and Central Asia but because of the inferiority complex of Europeans they needed to claim Moors, Arabs as some part of long lost white race to relieve their inferior complexes.

DanNeutron said...

Those Mongolians are the result of the White Indo-European presence in the area; they left many descendants there, which resulted in the people that you see in places like Mongolia today. However there are still White Indo-European peoples in Siberia and in mountainous parts of China today that still survive there. They are called Tartars, Tajiks etc etc etc. Genghis Khan or Temujin WAS A WHITE MAN! Every actual description of him by historical records reveal someone that looked like a White guy! The portraits of him are COMPLETELY AND UTTERLY NON-ACCURATE DEPICTIONS OF HIM!

East Asians were not more advanced then Europe till the 16th century, Europe had a more earlier advanced writing and building system starting with the Vinca/Minoan/Cretan civilizations then East Asia did. East Asians were the last peoples to actually get a formal civilization and the youngest of the old world ancient civilizations (Vinca/Greece/Etruria, Indus Valley, Elam/Persia, Sumer/Mespotamia, Egypt/Nubia etc etc). They were the last to get many things from a formal written script and alphabet to wheeled vehicles and chariots and wagons, to metallurgy, to mathmatics/sciences, to multi-story buildings, to mining activity etc etc etc. Europe developed and created many things that East Asians lacked for a long time, when the Greeks showed up in the borders of China in the Central Asia area, their siege devices and warfare was remarked at as being the most advanced they had ever seen. Infact the Macedonians that spread with Alexander may have actually built the Terracotta statues of the Qin dynasties!

Genghis Khan was a white man, the historical descriptions of him pin point to him as such....

Anonymous said...

White people shut the fuck. He was not white and your bullshit white washing of history days are over. With instant access to information (the internet) you lies no longer work. Your days of power...are over

Anonymous said...

So now Genghis Khan is white?
What's with the white superiority complex? All you retards are trying to rewrite history with a stupid inaccurate article written by a mixed blooded bastard who think the entire world belonged to the Aryan race?

Let's get some perspective, all these partially white looking folks in Central Asia right now are a result of the plundering and rape which took place after Genghis and his troops raided Samarkland, Iran, Iraq.
Are you even aware that 0.5% of the entire world's population of men are direct descendant of Genghis Khan?

Seriously, get your facts right.
Genghis Khan is Mongoloid, not white Aryan.

Fools aplenty here indeed.

Unknown said...

He was definitely white, we have plenty of descriptions to confirm that. Also the whole idea of the Mongol empire as understood today is a work of fiction. There is virtually no evidence of Mongol weapons/horses/skeletons/bodies or remains or genes or linguistics in Russia and the European areas he supposedly conquered today; infact the actual Mongolian people in Mongolia did not know about the Mongol empire until western colonialists started telling them!

The whole story of the Mongol empire doesn't add up either, how the hell do a bunch of illiterate barbaric nomads on the steppes and deserts of eurasia, without organized systems of metallurgy and food production, whom didn't have or practice large scale agriculture and whom were without an actual CIVILIZATIONAL apparatus, and whom didnt have LARGE NUMBERS conquer organized city state civilizations, with large numbers of people, with well equipped militaries and armaments and agriculture systems, and whom were exposed to and were familiar with steppe warfare tactics, and cover HUGE DISTANCES spanning the Eurasian landmass at the same time so fast; and how did they manage to cover and move across such vast territory and reach far off places like Russia/Europe from Western Siberia, being a bunch of civilization-less tent dwelling horse nomads without much in the first place? It's completely unrealistic and pure fantasy! It's clear that the entire idea of the Mongol empire is pure bullshit and is entirely made up!

The entire idea of the Mongol empire is a fantasy cooked up by the Vatican and Jesuit priests. Instead the real actual empire that the whole fake Mongol empire story may have referred to, was the Aryan Vedic empire of Tartaria. Tartaria is mentioned by various classical European famous western writers like Charles Dickens and in medieval and early classical manuscripts, as a giant empire encompassing eurasia, it had the exact borders and outlines as the Mongol empire but Tartaria is erased in early modern texts and works with no reason given! At several points in authentic historical writings, whenever there is a supposed Mongol battle, writers refer to the Mongol soldiers as Tartars BUT NOT MONGOLS! In ACTUAL GENUINE SURVIVING pictures and murals of battles with "Mongol soldiers", these "MONGOL" troops look the EXACT SAME AS THE WESTERN FORCES THEY ARE FIGHTING!

The whole idea of the Mongol empire is an idiotic fake story, and instead is designed to cover up the existence of the Aryan Vedic Tartarian empire of Russia, AN ACTUAL CIVILIZATIONAL ENTITY WITH AUTHENTIC RECORDS AND KINGS LISTS THAT PROVE IT EXISTED COMPARED TO THE FAKE BULLSHIT STORY OF THE MONGOL EMPIRE WITH NO REAL AUTHENTIC PHYSICAL PROOF OF IT'S EXISTENCE OR STORIES!

And yes Temujin was a white caucasoid man, it is obvious as night and day. He did not have slanty epicanthal folds and eyes, and he was not short like most Mongoloids are today, and he had lots of facial hair which Mongoloids are not known for being able to grow.


Anonymous said...

What a load of horseshit. Genghis Khan was Mongol, not white, you lost, you got slaughtered in the millions, get over it. Ever wonder why there is no such thing as "Polish colonialism" or "Ukrainian colonialism"? Because the heroic Mongols slaughtered them all. It is a shame he didn't invade western Europe and terminate every last inhabitant.

Anonymous said...

The salty comments here are from no-lifes who are mad that their hero Genghis Khan, who ironically severely harmed their East Asian ethnic groups, was White and not Mongoloid as they previously believed. DNA has already proven it.

"Although many regard the portrait at the National Palace Museum in Taipei, Taiwan, as the depiction most closely resembles Genghis Khan, all existing portraits, including this one, are essentially arbitrary interpretations of Genghis Khan’s appearance by historians living generations after Genghis Khan’s era [2, 6]. Although the factual nature of the statement is controversial, Persian historian Rashid-al-Din reported in his “Jami’s al-tawarikh” written at the start of the 14th century that most Borjigin ancestors of Genghis Khan were tall, long-bearded, red-haired, and bluish green-eyed, suggesting that the Genghis Khan’s male lineage had some Caucasoid-specific genetic features [44]. He also said that Genghis Khan looked just like his ancestors, but Kublai Khan, his grandson, did not inherit his ancestor’s red hair, implying that the addition of Mongoloid-specific alleles for determining hair color to the genetic makeup of Genghis Khan’s Borjigin clan was probably from the grandmother or mother of Kublai Khan, that is, the wife or daughter-in-law of Genghis Khan. “On” and “gud” from Ongud mean West and plural in ancient Altaic language, respectively, implying that the Ongud is a tribe from Western Asia. In fact, the ancestors of the Ongud are the Shato Turks of the Western Göktürks Khaganate [45, 46]; they moved to Eastern Xinjiang in the 7th century, and were scattered over Northern China and Inner Mongolia in the 9th century [47]. In the Mongolian era, many Ongud peoples were resettled in Khorazm of Western Central Asia, as governors for the Golden Horde Dynasty, and eventually formed part of the Kazakhs and the Mughals [44]. In addition, they also fell under the Chagatai Khanate that was ruled by Chagatai Khan and his descendants and/or successors and extended from the Southern part of the Aral Sea to the Altai Mountains [48]. These suggest the possibility that the Ongud clan may be anthropologically Caucasoid rather than Mongoloid, according to their geographical origin. Therefore, the male bodies carrying R1b-M343 (prevalent in Western Europe) from Tavan Tolgoi, which was located within the territory of the Ongud Kingdom during the early Mongolian era, could be related to the Ongud male lineage, implying that Tavan Tolgoi bodies are genealogically Caucasoid"


As the paper point out, most descendents of Genghis Khan and the Borjigin Mongols don't even live in Mongolia anymore. They are in Uzbekistan and Eastern Europe today, carriers of Y-DNA haplogroup R1b-M343. Which is a European haplogroup.